A normal, healthy knee can handle pull every time you take a step, up to 500,000 times a year. If there are problems with any of these bones, ligaments, tendons or muscles, you can expect problems with wearing and tearing of your joint. The most common sports injuries are caused by overuse or repetitive motion.
An athlete has to deal with so many different sports injuries, and each requires its own treatment. Some are more common than others. The one that is seen most often is the knee injury and there are several treatments used to rehabilitate these knees.
The first thing to understand is that all of them are caused by trauma or injury. In running and any other sport, overuse or incorrect equipment can also contribute.
This means that in most cases they will heal on their own within weeks to months if the athlete avoids further trauma.
Knee injury is the most common sports injury in the body, especially among runners. The knee is a hinge joint, like your elbow or in your door frame. It moves forward and back but does not rotate. The forces applied are almost always from the side.
One of the most common knee injuries is a torn meniscus. The meniscus is a C-shaped piece of cartilage that sits between the thighbone and shinbone. It acts as a cushion for the joint. A torn meniscus can be caused by twisting or over-extending the knee. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and stiffness. Treatment involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Surgery may also be needed to repair the tear.
Another common knee injury is patellar tendinitis. This is when the tendon that connects the kneecap to the shinbone becomes inflamed. It can be caused by overuse, repetitive motions, or direct impact to the kneecap. Symptoms include pain around the kneecap, difficulty straightening the leg, and weakness in the leg muscles. Treatment involves RICE and physical therapy to stretch and strengthen the muscles around the knee joint. Surgery may also be necessary in some cases.
Achilles tendinitis is another common sports injury, especially among runners. This is when the tendon that runs from the heel to the calf muscle becomes inflamed. It can be caused by overuse or tightness in the Achilles tendon. Symptoms include pain and stiffness in the Achilles tendon, difficulty flexing the foot, and swelling in the area. Treatment involves RICE and stretching and strengthening exercises for the Achilles tendon. Surgery may also be necessary in some cases.
Shin splints are a common sports injury among runners and other athletes who put a lot of stress on their lower legs. Shin splints are when there is inflammation in the muscles, tendons, and bones around the shin. They can be caused by overuse or by wearing shoes that do not provide enough support. Symptoms include sports injury pain along the shin, tenderness to touch, swelling, and muscle weakness. Sports Injury Center treatment involves RICE and physical therapy to stretch and strengthen the muscles around the shin. Surgery is rarely necessary but may be recommended in some cases.
Sports injuries are incredibly common, with some estimates suggesting that as many as 50% of all athletes will experience at least one over the course of their career. The most common type of sports injury is muscle strain, which can occur when the muscle is overworked or used in an improper manner. Treatment typically involves rest and ice, followed by rehabilitation exercises to strengthen the area and prevent future injuries.
The last common knee injury is an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. The ACL is a ligament that runs through the middle of your knee joint and helps to stabilize it. An ACL tear can occur due to a sudden change in direction or a high-impact collision (such as during football). Symptoms include severe pain, swelling, instability of the knee joint, and inability to put weight on your leg . Treatment typically involves surgery followed by rehabilitation with physical therapy.
Finally, joint injuries are also another sports injury relatively common among athletes. The knee is particularly susceptible to injury due to its complex structure and the amount of stress it endures during athletic activity. Common knee injuries include torn ligaments and meniscus tears. Treatment typically involves RICE along with physical therapy to improve the range of motion and strength around the joint. Surgery may also be required in some cases.
Preventing sports injury requires taking proper care of your body’s limits and limitations. You can help yourself protect yourself by taking care of:
- Make use of the correct equipment. Safe helmets and elbow pads, knee pads, shin protectors and the appropriate footwear shoes, shoe inserts when needed mouthguards, properly strung rackets appropriate size of your golf or bike clubs, hockey equipment that is suitable, and clothing that keep you warm in cold weather and help to shed heat in hot summer months – all of these can aid in reducing the risk of injury.
- Learning correctly. Don’t skip steps. Gradually increase your intensity and make sure to begin to warm up, then cool off and stretch. Pause for rest between sessions of intense workouts, as well.
- Learn how to move your body safely. A good form and proper technique will make all the difference. A lot of sports medicine and orthopaedic facilities now provide programs to prevent injuries to assist athletes in learning the correct position and methods to reduce the risk of injury.
Department of Orthopedics at Pulse Medicare provides the Best sports injury treatment in Thiruvananthapuram Kerala.